What Is SIP and How It Works?


As we navigate our path towards financial self-reliance and sustained progress, the term ‘investment’ has taken center stage in today’s economy. However, the world of investing may seem intimidating for newcomers, especially due to the extensive array of choices it presents. Amidst this, Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) rise as a promising investment strategy that caters to both seasoned investors and novices alike.

What is a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)?

A Systematic Investment Plan, more commonly known as a SIP, is a structured approach to investing in mutual funds. It enables an investor to allocate a fixed sum of money at consistent intervals, be it weekly, monthly, or quarterly. The concept is similar to making regular deposits with your bank, but here you’re placing your money in a mutual fund scheme.

The beauty of a SIP is that it liberates investors from the need to perfectly time the market. It provides a buffer against the fluctuations of the market, as your investments are distributed over a longer period. Coupled with the magic of compound interest, this can lead to potentially substantial returns over the long haul.

How Does a SIP Work?

The mechanism of a SIP is pretty straightforward. Here’s a simplified breakdown:

  • Pick a Mutual Fund Scheme: Kick-starting a SIP involves choosing a suitable mutual fund scheme. The options are diverse, including equity, debt, or hybrid funds, each having its own risk-return profile. Your selection should be in harmony with your risk capacity, financial ambitions, and investment timeframe.
  • Determine the Investment Sum: Next, figure out the amount you’re willing to invest at each interval. It could be as small as INR 500 or as large as your budget allows. The key here is maintaining consistent investment over time.
  • Establish the Frequency: Subsequently, establish how frequently you wish to invest – weekly, monthly, or quarterly.
  • SIP Duration: Lastly, decide on the duration of your SIP. You could opt to invest for a predetermined number of years or until your financial objective is met.

Once you’ve sorted these steps, the specified amount is automatically deducted from your bank account at the chosen intervals and invested into the selected mutual fund scheme. In return, you are allotted certain units of the fund, dependent on the current Net Asset Value (NAV). The number of units you gain hinges on the investment amount and the prevailing NAV.

4 Things to Consider Before Starting a SIP

Despite the convenience and potential gains associated with SIPs, they do come with some aspects worth considering.

#1. Risk Evaluation: Various mutual fund schemes encompass varying levels of risk. Equity funds may be more volatile but potentially yield higher returns, while debt funds usually pose less risk but might provide lower returns. Knowing your risk tolerance is crucial before picking a mutual fund scheme.

#2. Investment Period: Your investment timeframe should be in line with the nature of the fund. Long-term goals might be better suited to equity funds, while short-term objectives might favor debt funds.

#3. Fund’s Performance History: Although past performance doesn’t guarantee future returns, it can give you a glimpse into the fund’s reliability. Funds that have consistently performed well over a long duration are often deemed more trustworthy.

#4. Financial Objectives: Your investment tactics should be guided by your financial aspirations. Whether you’re saving for a new home, your child’s education, retirement, or wealth accumulation, each objective might call for a unique investment strategy.


A Systematic Investment Plan is a splendid tool for systematic and disciplined investing. It not only mitigates the effects of market volatility but also cultivates a habit of savings, potentially paving the way for significant returns in the long run. With a well-structured strategy and a clear vision of financial objectives, SIPs can act as a powerful investment conduit for long-term wealth generation.

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B2F Team

B2F Team

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''Crafting captivating narratives with every keystroke, redefining storytelling in the digital age.": Writing team of B2F

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